Professional Research

Research-informed consultancy and therapeutic counselling in Wells, Somerset, UK

I created 21 principles based on my research as a health and social care practitioner. 

I practise to help people to alleviate anxiety and suffering as quickly and effectively as possible, with deep internal personal change and long-lasting results. The outcomes of working with me may leave you feeling empowered, resourced and confident. The way that I relate with you will be informed by the principles of my theoretical model.

21 Principles of my Theoretical Model:

  1. Human beings are living organisms, and we exist in mutual relationship with all of life, connected by our shared needs.

  2. We each have an innate curiosity toward exploring the world in order to meet basic needs for safety, shelter, warmth and nutrition, secondary needs for community acceptance, social cohesion, and self-expression and territory needs for personal growth, collective survival and evolution.

  3. The way that we relate with the world arises from our inner nature, which is creative and life-sustaining and seeks fulfilment of needs.

  4. Places, people and events form conditions whereby we learn to adapt, compromise, share and sacrifice in order to fulfil some of our personal needs and the needs of others in the human and more-than-human world i.e animals, plants, nature.

  5. Our contact with people may fulfill our shared need for acceptance and praise. When people praise us, we may want to do more of the behaviours that are responded to with praise, which may give rise to pleasant feelings.

  6. When people unfairly criticise us, we may want to fight or hide away, because criticism may give rise to unpleasant feelings which signal unfulfilled needs for social acceptance and reaching our full potential.

  7. Our feelings are a map to reality, but they are not reality itself. Feelings can help us to  understand what our needs are. We can track the feelings in our bodies and look deeply into them to discover suitable ways to meet our needs. 

  8. Sometimes we may be used to responding to feelings in familiar ways, which may not meet our needs most effectively. Looking deeply can help us to find the best possible ways to care for our feelings and meet our needs.

  9. We may suffer with emotional and mental wellbeing problems if our needs go unmet.

  10. When our core survival need for safety is perceived to be seriously threatened, then we will experience traumatic stress, which is an energetic embodied response to help us find safety.

  11. Our bodies can recover from traumatic stress if we rest and relax after the event where we felt unsafe. This is called resilience. We can also learn to adapt positively after the experience, this is called anti-fragility.

  12. If we repeatedly feel so unsafe that we cannot easily relax, then our bodies may remain in the energised state of psychological and neuro-muscular tension known as post-traumatic stress. The main symptom of post-traumatic stress is hypervigilance - perceiving potential threat where there isn’t any. Post-traumatic stress is a loss of resilience. It can cause physical and mental health problems, including, not least severe anxiety. 

  13. The way to heal post-traumatic stress is to relax the muscles in the body because stress causes the muscles to tense for action, and by relaxing our muscles we are telling our bodies that we are safe again. We also need to use methods to safely process memories of the prior traumatic event, and we can do this by changing our perceptions. This combined approach will change how we experience the world, and we will then be less anxious and depressed and our overall health will improve.

  14. If the need for creative self-expression is unmet, then we may experience personal low mood, depression, boredom and social stagnation. This is a part of the psychological creative process, and these unpleasant feelings can be cured with self-reflection, imagination and creative experimentation.

  15. Anxiety is the natural human phenomenon of being in a process of moving towards one's needs. It’s also known as existential angst or divine discontent.  

  16. Anxiety can be particularly intense when our needs have not been met often in the past, such as in childhood, which we may experience as being traumatic, meaning that we expect the worst in the present and future. Treatment for post-traumatic stress may be required. 

  17. If we are extremely stressed because our basic needs are not fulfilled (such as for safety, nutrition, social acceptance and cohesion, self-expression and collective evolution) then our personal mental structures, formed through habit and behaviour, may break-down as our minds expand and we try new ways to reach our needs. This is called psychosis or spiritual emergency, during which we have opportunities to reach our needs and create a new personality structure, integrating what has been learnt.  

  18. We may experience a changing mixture of pleasant and unpleasant feelings; this is because some of our needs will be met and others will not be met at different times. Listening to our feelings and taking care of our needs can help us to suffer less, but it will never eradicate uncomfortable feelings altogether because we need them in order to learn how to adapt, survive and thrive. 

  19. If we experience unpleasant feelings for a long time, or so much that they overwhelm us, then we may think that life is not worth living. Sometimes we may even wish to end our lives unless we can experience more pleasant feelings and reduce unpleasant feelings. At such times a safety plan is crucial. If we find out what our needs are and suitable ways to work towards them, then we can act in meaningful ways that preserve my our lives and allow us to thrive in the long-term.

  20. There are many parts of our personalities with different needs. These parts are complex personality structures. We can connect, fuse, sculpt and integrate our various psychological parts to produce behaviours that meet our needs.

  21. Human beings share oral traditions of wisdom, all around the world. Understanding our personal life stories and how we relate with the land, people, culture and the universe helps us to live a meaningful existence. An important purpose of our lives may be to create our own stories and find meaning as a part of the collective story of life; this may make our lives feel worthwhile, help us to transcend some suffering, enrich our life experiences and call us all to a greater way of being in the world.